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Time to Mulch Your Trees — the Right Way!

By Larry Koplik


Montgomeryʼs Shade Tree Committee members have noticed excessive mulch piled up against the trunks of local trees, especially the one’s township has planted in the right-of-way between the street and the sidewalk.

How to mulch a tree.

Unfortunately, many professional landscapers do not know the correct way to mulch. Landscapers work for you; please tell them how to mulch properly.


Mulch should not be touching the trunks of trees. Nor should it be piled up like the cone of a volcano. There should be about 6 inches of space between the trunk and where the mulch starts. Mulch should not be thicker than two to four inches.

Shredded bark, aged wood chips, and composted leaves are the best mulches. Do not use fresh grass clippings, sawdust, or rocks.


Mulching is not for aesthetics


Mulch is essential only for newly planted and very young trees: it helps to keep the soil moist (and the weeds down) while the trees are growing and developing their root systems. Mature and established trees need not be mulched.

Mulch touching the trunks of trees damages (or even kills) them by:


1. Causing rot and decay from continuous moisture up against the bark of the tree.

2. Providing a habitat for rodents and insects to damage the bark.

3. Encouraging surface roots to grow, which can impact sidewalks.


So, please do not put mulch volcanoes against the trunks of trees.


This is not just the advice of Montgomery Shade Tree Committee.


NJ DEP Division of Parks and Forestry has published a pamphlet on the same subject: https://twp.montgomery.nj.us/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/Mulch-volcanoes-NJ-brochureEZ.pdf


More information about proper mulching: http://www.twp.montgomery.nj.us/twpcommittee/Mulching.pd


Contact Shade Tree Committee: stc@twp.montgomery.nj.us


The Shade Tree Committee is charged with planting, care, and preservation of public trees on Montgomery streets and in its Arboretum, parks, and public areas. The committee gives advice to residents and officials about planting, care, and preservation of trees. It advises the township on matters relating to tree policy, including review of development applications. The committee works with the Parks Department, Montgomery's schools, scouts, local businesses, and others on many environmental and education projects, such as its annual Arbor Day program for 3rd graders. We even perform some tree pruning, invasives removal, and weeding.

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